The Nobel Prize was awarded to the four scientists who originally discovered NAD+ and its function within human cells. You may be asking, "What is NAD+?" In the December 2013 trial undertaken by David Sinclair and his fellow scientists at Harvard University, working in collaboration with New South Wales University of Sydney Australia, and the National Institutes of Health's National Institute on Aging, the researchers reported, "The ageing process we discovered is like a married couple: when they are young, they communicate well, but over time, living in close quarters for many years, communication breaks down, said professor David Sinclair, who is based at Harvard Medical School. "And just like a couple, restoring communication solved the problem."
The study, published in the December 13 edition of the prestigious journal Cell, reported that up regulation of a compound known as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, or NAD+ via a precursor, essentially rolled back the clock to day one on the mitochondria of muscle tissue exposed to the compound. NAD+ is one of the coenzymes that all of our cells produce, but which diminishes with age. NAD+ is the way we have found to "restore communication" and turn back the clock on muscular aging.
Dr Nigel Turner, senior research fellow at UNSW and co-author of the study, in an interview with the Guardian Australia paper stated, “The rate of age reversal in mice was “amazingly rapid”. Turner went on to say that, “a “magic pill” that reverses ageing is several years away, partially due to the cost of the compound, which would be about $50,000 a day for a human.” Biotivia has moved the schedule several years ahead, just as we did with both Resveratrol and Pterostilbene. We have also brought the cost down to a fraction of the amount referred to by Dr Turner.